Reconstructive surgery is performed on abnormal structures of the body caused by congenital defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma, infection, tumors or disease.
It is generally performed to improve functions, but may also be done to approximate a normal appearance. Reconstructive surgery is generally covered by most health insurance policies, although coverage for specific procedures and levels of coverage may vary greatly.
Who has Reconstructive Surgery?
There are two basic categories of patients:
Patients who have congenital deformities, otherwise known as birth defects
Patients with developmental deformities, acquired as a result of accident, infection, disease and burn.
The main fields of reconstructive plastic surgery are:
Congenital craniofacial anomalies
Skin cancer removal
Breast reconstruction after mastectomy